Hydrological Monitoring
The Okavango Experience
Recently, the NGOWP team released a report on its 2022 Delta crossing, There are four important takeaways to consider as NGOWP gears up for the 2023 Delta crossing. Read Report 9 - Okavango Delta Transects, 2022 to see what we learned.

The partnership focuses on the four most important conservation priorities on the African continent today: water security, carbon storage, wildlife corridors and biodiversity conservation.

The founding objective of the National Geographic Okavango Wilderness Project, a partnership between the Wild Bird Trust and the National Geographic Society, is to explore and survey the least-known, most inaccessible parts of the Okavango River Basin spanning the countries of Angola, Namibia and Botswana in Southern Africa. The Okavango Delta, located in northern Botswana, is one of the largest freshwater wetlands in Southern Africa, it falls within the larger Okavango River Basin which spans the countries of Angola, Namibia and Botswana and is the main source of water for a million people, and one of Africa’s richest places for biodiversity—home to over half of the remaining elephants on the planet, as well as populations of lions, leopards, wild dogs, buffaloes, giraffes, hippos, and rhinos. The Okavango-Zambezi Water Tower, which begins in Angola, is the primary water source for the Okavango Delta. This region’s vast landscape of lakes, peatlands, miombo woodlands, and rivers provides sanctuary for a high concentration of biodiversity. Protecting this water tower—known by the Luchaze people as Lisima Iya Mwono, or “Source of Life”—is fundamental to the future of the Okavango, Kwando, and Zambezi rivers.

hydrological monitoring project

Since 2015 the NGOWP has systematically explored the major rivers that sustain the Okavango delta namely the Cuito, Cuanavale, Cubango and Cuando.

Since 2015 the National Geographic Okavango Wilderness Project has systematically explored the major rivers that sustain the Okavango delta namely the Cuito, Cuanavale, Cubango and Cuando. This entailed land-based expeditions to rediscover the river sources in the highlands of Angola followed by mekoro (traditional dugout canoes) expeditions all the way to the rivers’ ends whilst recording data on biodiversity, ecosystem health and socioeconomics. The team soon recognised the importance of what has now been termed the Okavango-Zambezi Water Tower, a giant pile of Kalahari sand rising to 1.8km with a footprint larger than Greece. Ample annual rainfall over this water tower percolates into the sand to be discharged slowly and consistently into the rivers that flow from it.
Through exhaustive consultation, workshops and symposiums with relevant stakeholders, experts and institutions, the National Geographic Okavango Wilderness Project and its partners devised a hydrological monitoring plan that records water discharge, water quality and climate at several strategic locations throughout the Okavango Basin. The Okavango delta would not exist without this steady recharge of water, yet in the face of economic development and climate change, water flows require careful monitoring in order to predict adverse changes in the hydrological functioning of these rivers – and ultimately the continued livelihoods of people and wildlife downstream.

Information Dashboard

Check out our data from the Hydro Monitoring Project.

the okavango experience

Since 2015 the NGOWP has systematically explored the major rivers that sustain the Okavango delta namely the Cuito, Cuanavale, Cubango and Cuando.

In 2018, three filmmakers joined the National Geographic Okavango Wilderness Project team in Botswana as they surveyed the wildlife and ecosystems on mekoro (local dug-out canoe) The video series was recorded by two cinematographers and an audio recordist who were in the Okavango with the National Geographic Okavango Wilderness Project team for three weeks. They used a Yi Halo VR camera, which has 17 cameras arranged in a circle, and they captured spatial sound, which is essentially 360-degree audio that moves with the video’s viewer. The outcome was a 4 part 360-degree video series, the “The Okavango Experience”.
Immerse yourself as you venture through this wilderness and get very up close and personal with its most iconic creatures. Sit at the feet of an elephant as it passes by, glide through the channels on a mekoro while being watched by a hippo, listen to the local bird and frog sounds and enjoy the sun set over the grasslands as you sit beneath a 2,000-year-old baobab tree.

Introducing Okavango Explore. An interactive StoryMap that shows how Angola’s highlands feed the Okavango Delta, and the innovative research that’s being done to conserve the waterways, the ecosystems, and the human communities of this remarkable place. Journey with us down the river and see how the National Geographic's Okavango Wilderness Project is helping scientists better understand this landscape and educate the world about its wonders.


Read about all the latest news, research and inspiring stories on The National Geographic Okavango Wilderness Project.

"Into the Okavango" Documentary Trailer

The Okavango River Basin provides a vital source of water to about 1 million people, the world’s largest population of African elephants and significant populations of lions, cheetahs and hundreds of species of birds. However, this once unspoiled oasis is now under siege due to increasing pressure from human activity. From National Geographic Documentary Films, Into the Okavango chronicles a team of modern-day explorers on their first epic four-month, 1,500-mile expedition across three countries to save the river system that feeds the Okavango Delta, one of our planet’s last wetland wildernesses.

Watch now on Disney+

Join our flock

Subscribe to our newsletter to receive exciting news about our projects.

We care about the protection of your data. Read our Privacy Policy.